Course participants will:
- Define the different search and rescue incidents and their causes.
- Identify the types of search and rescue resources that respond to an incident.
- Compare the different levels of response to a search and rescue incident.
- Recognize what level of training is needed to safely and effectively perform search and rescue operations.
Click each title below for an important note about ....
Emergency response is laden with acronyms. This course will judiciously use acronyms only on two occasions:
- If it’s meaning is also defined AND
- If the acronym is widely used; and knowing it will help in future search and rescue activities
- A glossary is available at all times HERE
The Course Content ...
It is well established that in search and rescue, we must FIND them (Search) before we can FIX them (Rescue or Recover). Because this is a foundation course, the bulk of the information presented will be about the search aspect of search and rescue.
Search can be part science and part art while rescue is usually a very structured activity, albeit very dynamic at times.
In addition to more detailed, specific search courses, there are other courses that will be offered that will break down in greater detail some specific elements of rescue.
National Search and Rescue systems ...
While this course will provide the user with a very broad base of knowledge, it will also favor the system used in the United States.
When appropriate, a reference to other national systems will be mentioned. If you would like to see a more inclusive view of search and rescue around the world, please let us know and we will consider expanding the course.
Now, let's get started.
WHAT IS SEARCH & RESCUE?
Please watch this quick news story from WPRI in Rhode Island:
Volume adjustment and closed captions are available via the controls on the bottom right of the video.
Congratulations to all of the responders who did their part to provide a positive outcome for that gentleman!
It is important to note that while one person and their search dog received the credit for finding him, it took ALL of the responders doing their part in their assigned area that enabled the one searcher to locate the missing person.
Always remember, search and rescue is a TEAM activity.
Search and Rescue (SAR) refers to the organized operation conducted by trained responders to search for and rescue or recover those persons who become lost, missing or entrapped by a natural or man-made disaster.
There are five (5) primary categories of search and rescue.
Since it's important to operate with the same definitions, here’s a brief explanation of each category:
This is important because each category of SAR has different qualifications, requirements and sponsoring agencies.
And knowing the difference is a necessary and fundamental understanding for SAR practitioners.
In summary, when we refer to “SAR” we are referring to the knowledge, skills, and abilities to conduct Wilderness SAR, Urban SAR and/or Mountain SAR.
Except for the overlapping skills, Combat SAR and Sea-Air SAR are outside the scope of this course.
Which kind of SAR Mission was the search for the gentlemen in the previous news story?
If you said “Wilderness SAR”, you're correct.
Even though the mission was in a suburban area, it did not involve a collapsed building or mountainous terrain.
Key Definitions: Event v. Incident
- Event = a Planned Activity. I.e., street festival, scheduled training, parade, etc.
- Incident = an UN-Planned Activity. I.e., a tornado, a missing hiker, a structure fire, etc.
When you are ready to move on , click below to continue to the next Lesson.